Due to the harmful action of plaque, a damage to the tooth enamel protecting the outer surface of our teeth can lead to tooth decay or cavities. Mixtures of metal or various other materials used for tooth repair and the treatment of cavities are called dental fillings that can prevent serious teeth problems including tooth loss and nerve damage if used for the treatment in time.
How Are Cavities Treated?
For the treatment of a cavity, a dentist, such as Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton, removes the tissue experiencing the decay and puts a dental filling in its place. Dental filling placed in the tooth is made up of a material that safeguards it from further decay. A local anesthetic is applied before removing the cavity for the purpose of making the nearby tissues numb. After that, the decayed portion of the tooth is removed using a dental drill in order to get it filling-ready.
Dental Filling Options
There are several different types of dental fillings made from different materials, each having its individual pros and cons.
Also known as tooth-colored fillings, composite resins are made by combining quartz or glass with resin and are used to fill small to average sized cavities. The front as well as back teeth can be treated with composite fillings.
Advantages : The fillings are highly durable, provide added strength to the tooth as well as look quite natural. These don’t require removing much of the healthy tooth for proper sticking of the filling. Also, these are not likely to darken like metal ones and do not corrode.
Disadvantages : These can’t be used to treat larger cavities and are more expensive than amalgam ones. It takes longer to place these fillings and they tend to get stained by beverages.
Dental amalgam fillings
Dental Amalgan fillings are composed from a combination of metals including silver, tin, mercury and copper. These silver-colored fillings have been used for about hundred years for the treatment of cavities.
Advantages : Amalgam fillings are among the most reasonably priced options, at the same time being quite durable.
Disadvantages : Made up of metal, these fillings tend to darken over time. Placing an amalgam filling and making it adhere properly also needs the removal of some healthy parts of the tooth. In addition, there are chances of experiencing sensitivity to cold and heat in the teeth.
Dentistry has been using gold for over 1,000 years. Also called inlays or onlays, gold fillings are made up of an alloy of copper, gold and other metals.
Advantages : These fillings don’t allow food, bacteria or even saliva to seep into the cavity as they are resistant to tarnish and corrosion. Apart from that, gold fillings are highly durable.
Disadvantages : Gold fillings are the most expensive option for dental fillings. Another problem is that they are not natural looking as well as can conduct cold and heat in the initial weeks.
Also known as porcelain fillings, unlike composite or amalgam fillings, this type is not attached to the tooth. The constituting material for these is actually made in a dental lab, and is then shaped to fit the cavity just perfect.
Advantages : Being made out of a material that resembles your original tooth, ceramic fillings look very natural and blend in perfectly. Porcelain is highly durable in nature, making the filling cemented into the cavity last very long.
Disadvantages : The fillings are quite expensive than composite or amalgam. Another con with them is that they need a greater amount of healthy tooth material removed because of being bulky in nature. One may be required to visit the dentist several times before getting the filling done perfectly.
Glass Ionomer Fillings
Mostly used for filling cavities at the teeth’s root surfaces, these tooth-colored fillings are made of glass and acrylic.
Advantages : These are crafted to release fluoride that prevents additional decay in the teeth.
Disadvantages : Glass ionomers are less durable as compared to composite or amalgam fillings. They are suitable only for those areas on your teeth that don’t experience much friction while chewing.
When it comes to getting a cavity treated, it’s essential to talk to a dentist like Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton for choosing the dental filling material that works just perfect for you. It is also advised to consult about the treatments and ways for your dental care after the tooth repair. A dentist will decide the type of filling to use for your teeth depending on the location, nature and size of your cavity. Some other factors you may consider are cosmetic considerations, the life of the filling as well as the costs and insurance coverage.