Gum disease is one of the most common dental diseases among adults and children. It is also one of the most easily prevented dental diseases as it can be avoided by healthy habits such as regular brushing, flossing, use of mouthwash among other many simple ways. When conditions such as cavities and decay are left untreated, they may worsen and this causes the whole tooth and gum to be compromised. The infection can spread to the gums, root canal and the jawbone. This causes gum disease, which can lead to tooth and bone loss.
Gum disease is an inflammatory disease, which occurs when bacteria resulting from plaque camp below the gum line as well as in and around the roots. The bacteria produces toxins which finally cause the pulling away of the gums from the teeth. This results in roots that are weak and teeth which are much more likely to fall out. Gum disease develops in two stages:
- Gingivitis: This is an early stage of gum disease, which causes inflammation, bleeding and swelling of the gums.
- Periodontitis: This is an advanced stage of gum disease, which can damage the teeth and bones.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE
The following are signs and symptoms that one is suffering from gum disease. They should be addressed as soon as possible so that appropriate treatment measures can be taken.
- Consistent bad breath and taste.
- Tender, swollen or red gums.
- Loose or separating permanent teeth.
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth.
- Gums that bleed easily.
THE SIX EASY TIPS FOR GUM DISEASE PREVENTION
It is definitely true that prevention is the best way to avoid the pain and discomfort caused by the periodontal disease. Moreover, it also helps in avoiding expensive treatments needed to overcome gum disease. Fortunately, gum disease can be prevented with the following easy and affordable consistent actions:
- Brush daily
One of the best prevention methods of gum disease is to brush one’s teeth regularly. In order to do the brushing effectively, one needs to ensure that it is done correctly to eliminate bacteria from the gum line and also between teeth without doing any harm to the gums. It is advisable to rinse with an anti-bacterial mouthwash so as to boost the oral hygiene routine. Fluoride toothpaste is also highly recommended for brushing, as it strengthens the tooth enamel to fight off any chance of getting gum disease. The tongue also should not be neglected in the brushing process as it harbors bacteria as well. A tongue scrapper or toothbrush should be used to clean the tongue.
- Floss daily
It is vital to note that brushing is incomplete without flossing! Floss is able to reach the crevices that are too small for the brush bristles. Plaque accumulates in the small spots in between the teeth and around the gum line, which often results in tooth decay as well as gum disease. It is therefore very necessary to floss the teeth especially after brushing.
- Stop smoking
Smoking reduces circulation which helps maintain the health of your gums. Smoking greatly increases the risk of developing periodontal disease. It also reduces the chances for successful treatment of this condition.
- Eating healthy.
A balanced diet that includes plenty of minerals and vitamins is important in maintaining the health of your gum tissue so that it is able to support your teeth and ward off any dental disease. Choose foods rich in nutrients such as Vitamin C, an antioxidant that is known to facilitate bone growth and connective tissue. Vitamin C boosts the immune system of the body and is greatly helpful in combating illness. Examples of foods rich in vitamin C include; Citrus fruits, papayas, kiwis, strawberries, peppers and broccoli.
- Skip the sugar
Foods rich in starch and sugar cause a reaction in the mouth, which promotes tooth decay and gum disease. Sugar reacts with bacteria in saliva to form acid, which erodes the enamel causing cavities that might lead to gum conditions. Avoiding sugary snacks also helps reduce the risk of developing gum disease, as the gum disease causing bacteria survives on sugar.
- Have regular checkups:
Regular visits to a dentist are important for adults since dentists are trained to catch the early signs and symptoms of gum disease. For the health of one’s gums and teeth, it is vital to visit a reputable dentist, such as HSM Dental Group, for a check-up and dental cleaning at least twice a year. It is incorrect to assume that the appointment can be skipped because the teeth appear healthy and you are not at the point of experiencing pain yet. Your dentist has the skill and expertise to see the symptoms and signs of trouble long before you may be able to! Furthermore, dental cleaning eliminates tartar accumulation, which is one of the main contributors to gum disease. When the gums appear inflamed or if blood is spotted when brushing, this should not be ignored! Consult your dentist promptly to ensure it is not a symptom of anything serious.
Implementing the above simple tips into the daily oral hygiene routine will go a long way to preventing and treating gum disease. These tips are effective, simple and affordable and definitely worth trying!
If you have concerns about your teeth, gums or other areas of your oral health, please let HSM Dental Group help you! Call us at (561) 232-2070 and let our team of professionals help get you back on track to enjoying beautiful, healthy teeth and gums!