Top 10 Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

tooth senstivity with cosmetic dentist in boca raton

Do you always scream in pain every time you indulge in your favorite ice cream treat?

If your answer is ‘Yes’, you may be suffering from sensitive teeth. According to the Academy of General Dentistry, approximately forty five million Americans experience tooth sensitivity, a dental condition characterized by sharp bouts of pain affecting one or more teeth. Tooth sensitivity is caused when the dentine (the softer part of the tooth that lies beneath the tooth enamel) becomes exposed. There are several causes that may lead to heightened sensitivity of teeth. To provide efficient dental care, it is important for your dentist to find out the reason of erosion of enamel.

Causes of tooth sensitivity: 

Sensitivity due to certain foods

Whatever goes into your mouth affects your teeth before anything else. Sensitivity can be due to consuming certain foods such as sweets or sticky foods (candies, muffins, chocolates), carbonated drinks, foods with acidic content (pickles, sour cream and strawberries). These foods strip away the tooth enamel, making the dentine part exposed.

Brushing too hard

While brushing twice a day is a good habit, but brushing too often and too hard can lead to wearing down of the tooth enamel. The situation can get worse if you are using a hard-bristled toothbrush and you have a habit of brushing vigorously. Wearing down of enamel exposes the dentine, which has microscopic tubules containing nerve endings.

Teeth Grinding

If you have a habit of grinding your teeth, it is not going to help you at all. Tooth grinding can gradually wear down the tooth enamel and can exposure the sensitive dentine of the teeth. Even though your tooth is one of the strongest substances in your body, regular grinding can damage the enamel and cause tooth sensitivity. If you have this habit, you should consult your dentist, who can provide you a mouth guard to stop the grinding.

Cracked tooth

A cracked, broken or chipped tooth may cause severe pain that may be more than just sensitivity. The best approach in this scenario is to consult your dentist, who can take a call whether to cap the tooth or to extract it altogether.

Overuse of mouthwash

Are you over obsessed with keeping your mouth fresh with the use of mouthwash? Some of the mouthwashes contain alcohol and other harmful chemicals, which can cause decay of enamel. Also, if your dentine is already exposed, then overuse of mouthwash can lead to tooth sensitivity.

Overuse of tooth whitening products

We all love sparkling, white smile. However, it comes at a price. Overuse of whitening based toothpaste or products can cause or aggravate sensitivity of teeth. Teeth whitening products contain peroxide or baking soda, which cause damage to the outer layer of teeth (enamel).

Gum diseases

Gums are responsible for holding teeth in place. Gingivitis or gum diseases weaken the gums and cause inflammation around the base of the teeth. This leads to exposure of underlying roots and nerves, resulting in heightened sensitivity. Receding of gums also exposes sensitive nerve branches under the tooth enamel. Gums can recede due to aggressive brushing, periodontal diseases or irritation caused by metal restorations.

Bad dental procedure

Sometimes a bad dental procedure may do more harm than good. Improper fitment of crown or bad tooth restoration procedure may lead to hyper sensitivity of the tooth. Also, after root canal or extraction, your teeth may become more sensitive. This sensitivity is temporary and goes away in few days. If the sensitivity doesn’t go away in a short period, then you should consult your dentist to see if there is any infection or inflammation.

Excessive plaque

Brushing and flossing help in keeping the plaque formation at bay. However, if excessive plaque formation takes place, it can lead to gradual decay of the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel decay can lead to increased sensitivity of the tooth.

Decayed fillings

Decay of fillings can cause infection to reach the base of teeth. This can affect the nerve roots or dentine. Left untreated, it can cause hypersensitivity of teeth or tooth.

As explained above, there are multiple factors that can erode the enamel and expose the dentine layer, leading to heightened sensitivity of tooth. Some of them are easily modifiable and cause intermittent pain, while others may lead to continuous pain or sensitivity, and require medical intervention. To avoid tooth sensitivity, erosion of enamel needs to be prevented at first place. However, if it has already occurred, it can be treated with professional help such as that with the dentists at Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton. Depending upon the cause and severity of your teeth sensitivity, the dentists at Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton may determine the best possible way to address the problem and provide you efficient dental care solution.

Call Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton at (561) 232-2070