Bleeding gums or gingival bleeding may come about due to many reasons. The most common reasons, however, include poor dental hygiene, hard tooth brushing as well as intensive use of dental floss. Gingival bleeding is usually a symptom of gingivitis but may be a sign of other complications. It may be accompanied by soreness and swelling of gum tissue, especially among patients with tooth decay. Gingivitis results from build-up of plaque along the gum line, which if unchecked, may lead to receding gums. Gingival bleeding also occurs because of diseases that destabilize normal blood-clotting processes. Moreover, gums can bleed when patients have chronic conditions such as diabetes and HIV infection, which affect the immune system. Here is a detailed look at the reasons for bleeding gums.
- Poor dental hygiene
Gums bleed a lot due to inflammation, which may easily come about if you do not brush or floss properly each day. Plaque and tartar accumulate on teeth very quickly. This then can lead to redness, swelling, pain, and can cause the gums to bleed even at the slightest provocation.
Plaque forms on your teeth almost continually, especially when you eat or eat foods and beverages with high concentrations of sugar. This then fosters further growth of bacteria, which leads to tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. Continued accumulation of plaque hardens into tartar, which makes it difficult to clean your teeth. If tartar piles up above the gum line, the gum tissue may swell and bleed easily. According to the professional team at Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton, this can be easily treated with regular cleanings at your dentist office.
As mentioned, plaque easily degenerates to gingivitis if left unchecked. This then leads to soreness and reddening, irritation and swelling of gums. Such gums bleed easily. Gingivitis can sometimes be very mild, which makes proper diagnosis almost impossible. However, it is something that needs to be taken seriously upon detection and action should be taken promptly. Unchecked gingivitis may lead to periodontitis, which is a much more serious condition.
- Overzealous brushing, flossing and cleaning teeth
Impulsive tooth brushing or using toothbrushes with hard bristles may traumatize your gums. Actually, any form of thorough and forceful cleaning of teeth makes them vulnerable to bleeding gums. Instead, you should be gentle when flossing and only use brushes with soft bristles. It is advisable that you change these your toothbrush every three months to maintain the proper bristle texture.
- Blood clotting disorders
There are numerous bleeding disorders either genetic or of unknown origin, that increase an individual’s natural tendency to bleed. Such genetic and idiopathic conditions such as Periodontitis, Von Willebrand’s disease and thrombocytopenic purpura among others often manifest through bleeding gums. This means that bleeding gums may be a sign of much more serious complications.
- Blood thinning medication
Blood thinners are necessary for managing certain conditions such as stroke since they prevent coagulation of blood. They may also lead to bleeding gums. While it may be a lot riskier taking a patient off these drugs, it is advisable to alert the dentist about the presence of such medication in their treatment regimen.
- Hormonal changes in women
Hormonal changes affect women during certain stages in their lives. Most noticeable variations occur at puberty, during pregnancy and at the postmenopausal phase. These hormonal variations increase the chances of gum bleeding. Women who use contraceptive pills are also at risk of gingival bleeding.
- Cancers, HIV infection, diabetes and other complications
Cancer, especially leukemia may lead to gum bleeding. HIV infections and diabetes also increase your propensity to gum bleeding. Patients undergoing radiation therapy as well as people manifesting symptoms of stress do also might experience problems of bleeding gums.
- Liver disease
The liver is very important to the circulatory system. It produces factors that hasten the blood clotting process. Any kind of infection to the liver as such, impedes the organ’s optimal metabolism process and decreases the rate at which it can produce these factors. This may then lead to bleeding gums. Chronic alcoholism, which also affects the liver’s functionality, also causes gums to bleed.
- Deficiency of vitamins C and K
Deficiency of Vitamin C, which is available in fruits and vegetables in the diet, leads to swollen and painful gums that are prone to bleeding. Vitamin K on the other hand, is essential in blood-clotting process. Its deficiency as such, leads to increased tendency to bleed from every body part, including the gums.
Aside from these causes, other triggers such as stress and smoking may lead to compromised health of your gums, which increases the risk for bleeding gums.
So what’s the best advise if your gums easily bleed? The best place to start is with a good checkup at your dentist. Call our professional team at Cosmetic Dentist in Boca Raton at (561) 232-2070 to schedule an appointment today!